Time: Fri Jul 04 15:26:02 1997
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Date: Fri, 04 Jul 1997 15:25:05 -0700
To: fwolist@sportsmen.net
From: Paul Andrew Mitchell [address in tool bar]
Subject: SLS: state Citizens cannot vote, or serve on juries
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit

There are two classes of citizenship

-and-

one class of citizenship may exist in someone
without the other

-meaning-

one can be a state Citizen without also being
a citizen of the United States (aka federal citizen).


     It is quite clear, then, that there is a citizenship of
     the United States** and a citizenship of a State, which
     are distinct  from each  other and  which  depend  upon
     different  characteristics   or  circumstances  in  the
     individual.

                  [Slaughter House Cases, 83 U.S. 36 (1873)]
                                            [emphasis added]


     We have  in our  political system  a Government  of the
     United States** and a government of each of the several
     States.  Each one of these governments is distinct from
     the others,  and each  has citizens  of  its  own  ....
     Slaughter-House Cases
     
           [United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875)]
                                            [emphasis added]


     A person  who is  a citizen  of the  United States** is
     necessarily a  citizen of the particular state in which
     he resides.   But  a person  may  be  a  citizen  of  a
     particular state  and  not  a  citizen  of  the  United
     States**.   To hold  otherwise would  be to deny to the
     state the  highest exercise  of its sovereignty, -- the
     right to declare who are its citizens.
     
                          [State v. Fowler, 41 La. Ann. 380]
                           [6 S. 602 (1889), emphasis added]


     There  are,   then,  under   our  republican   form  of
     government, two  classes of citizens, one of the United
     States** and one of the state. One class of citizenship
     may exist  in a  person, without  the other,  as in the
     case of  a resident  of the  District of  Columbia; but
     both classes usually exist in the same person.

              [Gardina v. Board of Registrars, 160 Ala. 155]
                     [48 S. 788, 791 (1909), emphasis added]


                             #  #  #

The Guest quote below is predicated on a specific, and yet
erroneous, construction of Section 1 of the so-called
14th amendment [sic].  The unrebutted historical facts
recited in Dyett v. Turner by the Utah Supreme Court in
1968 leave no doubt whatsoever that this so-called amendment
is a total and utter fraud.  The authorities above make it
very clear that one may be a Citizen of one of the several
states, without also being a citizen of the United States.

I suspect that this quote from Guest is a dictum anyway,
not a holding.  Since I have not read it yet, I surmise
that it had to do with the right to travel "through every
part of it", i.e. the "United States" (which has three
meanings, by the way).  The fallacy in this notion -- that
there is one big national community -- is to be found in 
the law which defines "citizenship," strictly speaking,
to be a term of municipal law, not national law.  Thus,
we have 51 jurisdictions, and citizenship of 51 different
political communities.  The Cruikshank case explains that
law most clearly: "each has citizens of its own" (see above).

/s/ Paul Mitchell
http://www.supremelaw.com


>
>U.S. v. Guest, 383 U.S. 754, L.Ed.2d 239, 249 (1966):  "For all the great
>purposes the Federal government was formed, we are all one people, with
>one common country. We are all citizens of the United States; and as
>members of the same community, we must have the right to pass and repass
>through every part of it..."
>
>QUESTIONS: When the Supreme Court declares me a Citizen of the united
>States, what authority supreseding the above is it from which you derive
>your conclusion that I am not a Federal Citizen AND State Citizen at the
>same time, with rights under EACH (Fed./State) Constitution?


The Right of Election.  See also the myriad of
cases cited in Appendices A and Y in 
"The Federal Zone: Cracking the Code of Internal
 Revenue."

By the way, strictly speaking,
the phrase "Citizen of the united States"
does not occur anywhere in Law.

Compare 1:2:2, 1:3:3, and 2:1:5.

Nor does the phrase "Federal Citizen"
occur anywhere in law.  See Black's
Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition (with
pronunciations).

/s/ Paul Mitchell
http://www.supremelaw.com


>
>Signed: Curious?
>
<snip>
>
>>
>>Hello Terry et al.,
>>
>>I have been incommunicado for an hour,
>>because I was downloading the Eudora Pro
>>Version 3.0.3 update file, and installing it.
>>It seems to work just fine.  My compliments
>>to Qualcomm, for a really great product.
>>
>>In the interim, I obviously missed something 
>>that I very much want to join.
>>
>>To begin, here is the proof that a state Citizen
>>cannot vote, or serve on a jury, in Arizona state:
>>
>>I am quoting directly now from the Arizona Revised
>>Statutes ("ARS"), which I can fax to you, if you need 
>>the proof in hand.
>>
>>Quoting now:
>>
>>[begin excerpt]
>>
>>Chapter 2
>>
>>Jurors
>>
>>Article 1.  Qualifications and Exemptions
>>
>>ARS 21-201.  Qualifications
>>
>>Every juror, grand and trial, shall be at least
>>eighteen years of age and meet the qualifications
>>for voter registration prescribed by  16-101.     <--!!!!
>>
>>[end excerpt]
>>
>>
>>So, we jump directly to the qualifications for
>>voter registration, to wit:
>>
>>
>>[begin excerpt]
>>
>>ARS 16-101.  Qualifications for registrant;  definition
>>
>>A.  Every resident of the state is qualified to register
>>    to vote if he:
>>
>>1.  Is a citizen of the United States [sic].
>>
>>2.  Will be eighteen years of age or more ....
>>
>>B.  For purposes of this title, "resident" means an individual
>>    who has actual physical presence in the state, or for 
>>    purposes of a political subdivision actual physical 
>>    presence in the political subdivision, combined with an
>>    intent to remain.  A temporary absence does not result in a
>>    loss of residence if the individual has an intent to return
>>    following his absence.  An individual has only one residence
>>    for purposes of this title.
>>
>>[end excerpt]
>>
>>State Citizens are just not mentioned.
>>
>>There you have it, in Arizona, at least.
>>This same problem occurs in most, if not all,
>>of the other Union states.  The fastest way
>>to check is to obtain the voter registration form,
>>which is very often available at the U.S. Post Office.
>>It is a felony to falsify voter registration forms.
>>
>>This is a blatant violation of the Guarantee
>>Clause, and Article I, Section 2, Clause 1.
>>State Citizens are prevented from choosing their
>>Representatives in the House of Representatives,
>>because they are prevented from voting in general
>>elections, period!
>>
>>Federal citizens are members of an association
>>who owe their allegiance to the federal zone,
>>where the Guarantee Clause is not in force.
>>This zone is subject to the municipal laws of
>>Congress.
>>
>>Citizenship is a term of municipal law.
>>
>>The Guarantee Clause does not require the United States
>>to guarantee a Republican Form of Government to itself.
>>
>>Read it!
>>
>>We explain all of this in Gilbertson's OPENING BRIEF,
>>which is now before a federal Circuit Court of 
>>Appeals.  A copy-protected hard copy is available
>>from Us for $25.  We are selling this embossed and
>>certified copy, to raise funds for Gilbertson's
>>continuing legal defense fund.  Details are available
>>from me, on request (fax is best).
>>
>>We also covered this on the ZOH Show broadcast on
>>AM yesterday morning in Maryland state.  Numerous
>>people have written to say they thought the interview
>>was excellent (their words, not mine).  I am just
>>reporting here, okay?
>>
>>I am standing by.
>>
>>
>>Sincerely,
>>/s/ Paul Mitchell
>>http://www.supremelaw.com
>>
>>p.s.  More explanation follows:
>>
>>
>>[This text is formatted in Courier 11, non-proportional spacing.]
>>
>>
>>For Immediate Release                            November 2, 1996
>>
>>
>>                   State Citizens Cannot Vote
>>
>>                               by
>>
>>                      Paul Andrew Mitchell
>>                       All Rights Reserved
>>                         (November 1996)
>>
>>
>>PAYSON, ARIZONA.   A  state Citizen  will be denied the chance to
>>vote on  Tuesday, if  the State  of Arizona  has its  way.   Paul
>>Andrew Mitchell,  Counselor at  Law and federal witness, has been
>>using every  administrative means  available  to  register  as  a
>>"Qualified Elector"  for next  Tuesday's general election.  There
>>is only  one problem:  he is not a federal citizen, and the voter
>>registration form  requires that  he certify,  under  penalty  of
>>perjury, that  he is a federal citizen. Moreover, the penalty for
>>falsifying information on an Arizona voter registration affidavit
>>is a class 6 felony conviction.
>>
>>     Mitchell has  been researching  the federal constitution and
>>statute laws  full-time for 7 years now.  Among his findings is a
>>discovery of several court cases which held that Americans can be
>>state  Citizens  without  also  being  "citizens  of  the  United
>>States," or  "federal   citizens," as they are also called in the
>>legal   dictionaries.   Mitchell has  come to  believe  that  the
>>federal government  has lately  become a  criminal    enterprise,
>>relying upon  blatant  extortion  to  collect  money  and  coerce
>>cooperation from  the American  People. He  wants no  part of the
>>federal government,  until and  unless its  agents start  obeying
>>American Laws  never   repealed.   Mitchell is  also  working  to
>>restore  integrity to the American court system.
>>
>>     As Counselor at Law in a federal case in which a grand  jury
>>had subpoened  the books  and records  of an  Arizona pure trust,
>>Mitchell's research  led him to find further flaws in the federal
>>Jury Selection  and Service Act, the law which Congress passed to
>>select and  convene federal  grand and  trial  juries.    In  one
>>section of  this law, Congress makes it a federal policy that all
>>citizens shall  have the  opportunity to  serve on  federal grand
>>juries and  federal  trial  juries.    Then,  4  sections  later,
>>Congress   makes it a requirement that jury candidates be federal
>>citizens before they are qualified to serve.  There is no mention
>>of state  Citizens anywhere  in this Act, and no regulations have
>>been promulgated for it either.
>>
>>     The U.S.  Supreme Court  has already  ruled, more than once,
>>that class  discrimination in  the selection of juries is grounds
>>for disqualifying  the entire jury, even if the individual jurors
>>are otherwise qualified.  Imagine if the law said that only women
>>could serve  on federal  juries; this  would be  a clear  case of
>>class  discrimination,   because  men   would  be  systematically
>>excluded  as   a  class.    Because  there  are  two  classes  of
>>citizenship in  America, not  one, the Jury Selection and Service
>>
>>
>>            State Citizens Cannot Vote:  Page 1 of 2
>>
>>Act is  unconstitutional   for limiting  jury service  to one and
>>only one  of those  two classes  of citizens.   So,  if you are a
>>state Citizen  who is not also a federal citizen, you can't vote,
>>you can't  serve on  a grand jury, and you can't serve on a trial
>>jury either.
>>
>>     Paul Mitchell is now faced with some very difficult choices.
>>As a  political activist,  with degrees  in Political Science and
>>Public Administration, and seven years of constitutional research
>>under his  belt, and with proof of his birth to  American parents
>>within one  of the  several Union  States,   he is now denied any
>>voice in the management of his state and federal governments.  He
>>cannot vote, he cannot serve on a grand jury, and he cannot serve
>>on a trial jury.  And, of course, the government contends that it
>>can continue to tax such a man, without representation within the
>>Congress.  "No  taxation  without  representation"  was  a  proud
>>rallying cry  for many  Americans  who  eventually  defeated  the
>>British in the Revolutionary War, despite enormous odds.
>>
>>     Mitchell recently  escalated the  matter by  filing a formal
>>written Notice  and Demand  with Arizona Governor Fife Symington,
>>to order  that state's Attorney General to register Mitchell as a
>>qualified elector.   Rumor  has it  that the  AG is  refusing  to
>>disclose the  registry of  state Citizens  who  now  inhabit  the
>>Arizona Republic.   Mitchell  tried  to  confirm  this  rumor  by
>>demanding that  he be  added to the registry, so that he may have
>>an   opportunity to  choose his  representative in  the House  of
>>Representatives in  Washington, D.C.   Courts have ruled that the
>>Right to  choose our  representatives is a fundamental Right, and
>>Congress has made it a felony to deprive Citizens of any of their
>>fundamental Rights, in the federal criminal code (18 U.S.C. 242).
>>After receiving  Mitchell's Notice  and Demand,  someone  in  the
>>Governor's  office   sent  Mitchell  another  voter  registration
>>affidavit:   FOR U.S.  CITIZENS ONLY -- IT IS A CLASS 6 FELONY TO
>>FALSIFY THIS  FORM! There  was no  return address on the envelope
>>which bore  the form,  through U.S.  Mail.  It is also a crime to
>>put fraudulent material into the U.S. Mail.
>>
>>     Mitchell is  preparing to  sue the State of Arizona, and all
>>government employees who have chosen to ignore this problem, soon
>>after Tuesday's election, if Arizona cannot come up with a way to
>>get Mitchell  to the  polls by  the time  they close  on Tuesday.
>>Paul Andrew  Mitchell may soon become the Susan B. Anthony of the
>>Twentieth Century.
>>
>>
>>Common Law Copyright
>>Paul Andrew Mitchell
>>Counselor at Law, federal witness
>>and Citizen of Arizona state
>>All Rights Reserved Without Prejudice
>>November 2, 1996
>>
>>
>>                             #  #  #
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>            State Citizens Cannot Vote:  Page 2 of 2
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>========================================================================
>>Paul Andrew Mitchell                 : Counselor at Law, federal 
>>witness
>>B.A., Political Science, UCLA;  M.S., Public Administration, U.C. 
>>Irvine
>>
>>tel:     (520) 320-1514: machine; fax: (520) 320-1256: 
>>24-hour/day-night
>>email:   [address in tool bar]       : using Eudora Pro 3.0.3 on 586 
>>CPU
>>website: http://www.supremelaw.com   : visit the Supreme Law Library 
>>now
>>ship to: c/o 2509 N. Campbell, #1776 : this is free speech,  at its 
>>best
>>             Tucson, Arizona state   : state zone,  not the federal 
>>zone
>>             Postal Zone 85719/tdc   : USPS delays first class  w/o 
>>this
>>
>>As agents of the Most High, we came here to establish justice.  We 
>>shall
>>not leave, until our mission is accomplished and justice reigns 
>>eternal.
>>========================================================================
>>[This text formatted on-screen in Courier 11, non-proportional 
>>spacing.]
>>
>>
>>========================================================================
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>>
>>========================================================================
>
>>
>>via: Sportsman's Paradise~~Online 602-922-1639 - www.sportsmen.net
>>
>>
>>
>
>
>========================================================================
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>======================================================================== 
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>
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>
>

========================================================================
Paul Andrew Mitchell                 : Counselor at Law, federal witness
B.A., Political Science, UCLA;  M.S., Public Administration, U.C. Irvine

tel:     (520) 320-1514: machine; fax: (520) 320-1256: 24-hour/day-night
email:   [address in tool bar]       : using Eudora Pro 3.0.3 on 586 CPU
website: http://www.supremelaw.com   : visit the Supreme Law Library now
ship to: c/o 2509 N. Campbell, #1776 : this is free speech,  at its best
             Tucson, Arizona state   : state zone,  not the federal zone
             Postal Zone 85719/tdc   : USPS delays first class  w/o this

As agents of the Most High, we came here to establish justice.  We shall
not leave, until our mission is accomplished and justice reigns eternal.
========================================================================
[This text formatted on-screen in Courier 11, non-proportional spacing.]

      


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