Time: Fri Aug 29 09:47:49 1997
	by usr05.primenet.com (8.8.5/8.8.5) with SMTP id HAA18707;
	Fri, 29 Aug 1997 07:17:06 -0700 (MST)
Date: Fri, 29 Aug 1997 07:15:30 -0700
To: apta@discover.net
From: Paul Andrew Mitchell [address in tool bar]
Subject: SLS: Gulf War Syndrome ("GWS")


One of many terrible and embarassing "secrets" 
is that the CDC designed a tainted serum
which was injected into American GI's
before serving in the Gulf War.  See the
testimony of former U.S. Senator Don Reigle
before a Senate subcommittee, on this very
subject.  The inoculation of this tainted
serum was an act of genocide and biological
warfare against the American People.  The 
resulting diseases are communicable -- to
families, friends, and associates.  In a word,
it was premeditated murder and conspiracy
to commit same.  These are capital offenses
in all of the several states (i.e. death penalty).

I am not in favor of the death penalty, but
I can tell you what the law says about 
penalizing this kind of criminal conduct.

/s/ Paul Mitchell
http://www.supremelaw.com





At 07:08 AM 8/29/97 -0700, you wrote:
>The following is from NEXUS magazine in Australia.
>I have tried to clean up the difference of spelling between
>the British and U.S. english.
>-- 
>Doug
>
>                        - GULF WAR SYNDROME -
>
>                       Biological Black Magic
>
>Already, more than 10,000 are dead and 250,000 are sick from Gulf War  
>
>syndrome. What secret is so terrible (or embarrassing) that 
>necessitates a cover-up of the facts?
>
>---------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>Extracted from Nexus Magazine, Volume 4, #5 (August-September 1997).
>PO Box 30, Mapleton Qld 4560 Australia. nexus@peg.apc.org
>Telephone: +61 (0)7 5442 9280; Fax: +61 (0)7 5442 9381
>>From our web page at: http://www.peg.apc.org/~nexus/
>
>1997 by David G. Guyatt
>c/- NEXUS UK Office
>55 Queens Road, East Grinstead,
>W. Sussex, RH19 1BG
>United Kingdom
>Telephone/Fax: +44 (0)1702 217523
>E-mail: david.g7@ukonline.co.uk
>
>---------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>TRUTH IS THE FIRST CASUALTY OF WAR
>
>The air raid siren went off." Former Royal Air Force Corporal Richie 
>Turnbull wheezed and coughed as he spoke. He is one of tens of 
>thousands of Gulf War veterans who have been diagnosed with a fistful 
>of illnesses attributed to service in the Gulf War. These include 
>emphysema, angina, asthma, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, short-term 
>memory loss, muscle wasting, cough syncope and numerous other 
>debilitating ailments. Before deployment to the Gulf, Turnbull was an 
>accomplished and superbly fit sub-aqua diver. Today, he walks with 
>the aid of canes, slowly.
>
>With understandable pride he told me how he had "proved Soames to be 
>a liar three times". The reference was to the former Conservative 
>Minister of State for the Armed Forces, the Honorable Nicholas 
>Soames, MP. Many vets uncharitably call the former minister "Fatty 
>Soames", owing to his handsome girth. The appellation reflects the 
>seething contempt of an individual whom vets regard as one of the 
>principal architects of a monstrous transatlantic cover-up.
>
>Turnbull was an RAF Senior Electrician in a Nuclear, Biological &
>Chemical (NBC) unit and an experienced instructor on NBC equipment. 
>He was stationed at the giant military base located at Dhahran on the 
>night of 20 January 1991, when air raid sirens began wailing madly. 
>Incoming Scud missiles were detected and a nearby US Patriot battery 
>fired off intercept missiles. One of the missiles downed the Scud 
>which landed a mere 400 yards from Turnbull. The impact left an 
>eight-foot-deep crater but, curiously, the giant ground-to-ground 
>missile did not explode.
>
>"All the nerve agent detectors sounded the alarm," Turnbull recalls. 
>As an NBC expert he ran three tests which confirmed the presence of 
>"G agent", otherwise known as Sarin-the deadly nerve agent developed 
>by the Nazis in World War II. Turnbull ran a further three "residual 
>vapor detector tests" which also showed the presence of nerve 
>agents. In all, he says, "thirty-three items of equipment showed that 
>chemical weapons had been detected".1
>
>"NBC Condition Black" was sounded and everyone on the base rushed to 
>don their NBC "Noddy" suits. Incredibly, 20 minutes later an
>all-clear siren ("NBC Condition White") sounded and troops removed 
>their protective clothing accordingly. Twenty minutes later "NBC 
>Condition Black" sounded again, and remained in force for a further 
>eight hours.
>
>Turnbull, who says he is "absolutely certain it was a chemical weapon 
>attack", is understandably angry. Sounding the all-clear when nerve 
>agents were shown to be present was, he says, "the biggest cock-up in 
>history". Hundreds of troops were needlessly exposed to Sarin, he 
>believes.2
>
>Turnbull continues to be a thorn in the side of Britain's Ministry of 
>Defense (MoD) and the US Department of Defense (DoD). Both maintain 
>that chemical weapons were not intentionally used by Iraq's Saddam 
>Hussein. A spokesman at the MoD had earlier told me that he was a 
>Royal Navy officer and was "in theater" during the Gulf War. He went 
>on to assure me personally that had the Iraqis intentionally used 
>chemical and biological (CB) weapons "we would have retaliated in 
>kind"-an allusion to US President Bush's threat to retaliate with a 
>nuclear strike if Saddam Hussein unleashed his prodigious chemical
>armory on coalition troops.
>
>In the event, it was an empty threat-old-fashioned political rhetoric 
>dished out for the folks at home.
>
>CHEMICAL ATTACK OR COCK-UP?
>
>Faced with mounting evidence of chemical weapons exposure by 
>coalition troops, both the British and US governments belatedly 
>acknowledge that chemical weapons dumps were bombed, or otherwise 
>destroyed, by coalition forces. They even acknowledge that the 
>resulting plume of toxic material, blown by the wind, is likely to 
>have exposed many thousands of coalition troops to these deadly 
>agents. In other words, it was an unforeseen accident. This admission 
>is known in intelligence parlance as a "limited hangout"-a technique 
>designed to show that they are now telling the truth. They are not.
>
>Pat Eddington, a former CIA intelligence analyst, in his book, Gassed 
>in the Gulf, scathingly uncovers the institutionalized dishonesty 
>within the CIA and the DoD over Gulf War Syndrome (GWS).3 Reasonably,
>he argues that based on the increasing number of vets prepared to 
>speak of their experiences, it is clear beyond all doubt that 
>coalition forces came under a series of Iraqi chemical and biological 
>weapons attacks.4 Like Admiral Nelson placing a telescope over his 
>blind eye, then exclaiming he can "see no ships", the Mandarins in 
>Whitehall and Washington are willfully blind to what they don't care 
>to acknowledge. Yet, the evidence is overwhelming.
>
>Ray Bristow had served 20 years with the Territorial Army. When not 
>involved with his TA duties, Bristow was an operating theater 
>technician at his local hospital. He was mobilized on 27 December 
>1990, promoted to a Warrant Officer, and sent to the 32 Field 
>Hospital located at Wadi al Batin, just a few kilometers away from 
>the town of Hafar al Batin.5 On 19 January 1991 he and other 
>personnel watched as a Scud missile roared overhead and exploded in 
>an airburst. He could clearly see a cloud of vapor discharge from 
>the Scud. The NBC alarms (known as NAIADS), scattered around the 
>base, wailed loudly, alerting the troops of "NBC Condition Black". 
>"We were Scudded," Bristow said, and the specialized equipment
>detected the presence of chemical agents.6
>
>Also present at Wadi al Batin that evening was former Sergeant Shaun 
>Rusling. Previously with 23 Para Regiment's 5 Airborne Field 
>Ambulance, Rusling was an experienced Special Forces medic. His 
>duties were to attend to the sick and wounded of Britain's One 
>Armored Brigade. This soon grew to encompass caring for other 
>coalition forces and Iraqi casualties, too. He watched the Scud 
>explosion and saw the cloud of vapor bloom overhead. He also 
>believes the unit came under artillery attack with rounds containing 
>chemical weapons.7
>
>Numerous boxes of 155-mm chemical ammunition were secretly recovered 
>by coalition troops in the Kuwait Theater of Operations (KTO) during 
>the ground war and subsequent mopping-up operations. Made in the USA, 
>they had been supplied to Iraq via Jordan.
>
>Nor were Scud and artillery bombardments isolated incidents. Terry 
>Walker was a Corporal with the Royal Army Ordnance Corp and detached 
>to a "Forward Repair Group" of an armored workshop. He was present
>at Al Jubayl when two Scuds exploded above them.8 No prior warning 
>was sounded. This, he recalls, was "the worst morning with two 
>almighty explosions above the Port". Immediately chemical detectors 
>madly sounded "NBC Condition Black", and this was "followed by sheer 
>panic with hundreds of guys running for cover". Walker hid among the 
>rocks of the Port "for about four five hours". Later, "an officer 
>came along saying we've been hit with chemical agents". The next day 
>he and the other personnel on the base were told the cloud vapor was 
>nothing more than aircraft fuel leaking from a damaged plane-an 
>explanation he and the others disbelieve. Aviation fuel does not 
>trigger the NAIAD detectors. Today, Walker suffers from a number of 
>illnesses and strongly believes there has been a massive cover-up. 
>"My wife is ill and my little girl is ill, too," he said during a 
>telephone interview, then added that his "medical notes from the RAF 
>hospital have gone missing".
>
>The Al Jubayl attack was also witnessed by Sergeant-Major Paul Grant 
>who commanded a team of Royal Army Ordnance Corp specialists. In the 
>early hours of 19 January 1991, Grant was awaken by a distinctive 
>overhead explosion. He is in no doubt whatsoever that this was an
>airburst, not a ground explosion. NAIADS detectors began sounding 
>"NBC Condition Black". The first explosion was followed by a second 
>airburst explosion. Around the base loudspeakers warned, "This is not 
>a drill!" His story corroborates those of other vets I have 
>interviewed. However, Scud chemical attacks were not limited to Al 
>Jubayl.9
>
>
>
>COALITION COMPLICITY
>
>Yet despite this testimony, these and other vets continue to be 
>treated with official contempt. As recently as January 1997, the 
>Countess of Mar posed a parliamentary question in the House of Lords 
>which asked if the MoD had any "documentary evidence of chemical 
>warfare" in the Gulf conflict-a curious question which was limited 
>only to chemical attack. Questions regarding the use of biological 
>weapons remain unutterable. In his reply, the Earl Howe stated that 
>research conducted by the MoD "does not indicate any confirmed use of
>chemical warfare agents during the conflict"-which is an even more 
>curious answer.
>
>Who, conceivably, could confirm the use of chemical weapons other 
>than those trained soldiers present during a chemical attack? 
>Likewise, the tens of thousands of "detections" triggered by chemical 
>agent detectors throughout the conflict are simply categorized as 
>"alleged detections" which were "uncorroborated at the time". Again, 
>a careful and deceitful choice of words.10,11
>
>But behind the intentional use of chemical agents by Iraq lurks a far 
>more sinister story which hitherto has not being told in any detail. 
>Biological weapons, unlike chemical agents, don't just kill on the 
>battlefield: survivors returning home carry with them the potential 
>seeds of destruction. These, in turn, can infect the families of Gulf 
>War vets-a situation that is now occurring.
>
>Importantly, the British and US governments were well aware of the 
>potential use of both chemical and biological weapons by Saddam 
>Hussein. They had, after all, supplied him with the wherewithal to
>develop his ferocious CB armory. This included sophisticated 
>equipment together with the necessary chemical precursors and 
>biological cultures.
>
>This knowledge led the British and US governments to vaccinate their 
>troops with a 'cocktail' designed to protect them against both 
>chemical and biological attack. Vaccines given to coalition troops 
>included, amongst others, anthrax, botulism and bubonic plague.
>Cultures for all three were supplied to Iraq by the US Government 
>during the middle/late 1980s for use in Iraq's CB weapons program.12
>
>
>
>BIO-WEAPONS AND "THE SECRET TEAM"
>
>"British personnel were infected with anthrax spores," spoke Angus 
>Parker with quiet certainty. I had interviewed a number of Gulf War 
>veterans who recounted their experiences of coming under CB attack 
>from the Iraqis. All are angry and frustrated at the stonewalling 
>attitude of Britain's Ministry of Defense regarding their numerous
>illnesses which fall under the catch-all banner of Gulf War Syndrome. 
>Eventually, one vet gave me a telephone number, saying, "You should 
>speak to Angus."
>
>Initially, Angus Parker was cautious, but after a few minutes he 
>warmed to his story. Methodically, he first outlined for me the 
>existing Soviet battlefield doctrine associated with Scud missiles 
>armed with chemical and biological weapons. This is known, Parker 
>said, as "a mixed load". The Scud warhead would typically consist of 
>a deathly combination of explosives and chemical and biological 
>agents of mixed intensities. The quantity of explosives would be 
>small, but sufficient to ensure that the CB mixture would form a wide 
>vapor plume over the target.
>
>A former soldier in the Territorial Army, Angus Parker operated for a 
>top-secret British unit. He has never before gone on record with his 
>story, but frustration mixed with growing anger has led him to "blow 
>this wide open".
>
>Following the injection of 12 vaccines in one morning, Parker 
>suffered an adverse reaction. As a result he was hospitalized and his 
>deployment to the Gulf delayed. "I was left behind and got out on the 
>last days of the ground war," he said. This and his civilian 
>occupation as a technician in a hematology lab resulted in his being 
>attached to the 1st Field Laboratory Unit, known as "The Secret 
>Team". The unit "existed only once before in World War I, but was 
>mothballed until the Gulf War," Parker stated, adding that when he 
>returned from the Gulf he was told that "I was not to disclose the 
>nature or role of the team I was serving with". So secret was the 
>unit, he said, that "it does not appear in any listing".13,14
>
>What Angus Parker has revealed is extremely disturbing. The 1st Field 
>Laboratory Unit was composed of 40 men working in eight teams of 
>five. It was deployed from Porton Down, Britain's biological warfare 
>headquarters. Parker, ranked Sergeant, was second in command of one 
>of the five-man teams. "As the biological warfare reconnaissance 
>team, we were sampling the environment looking for biological 
>weapons," he said, adding that "this was difficult and hard to do. We 
>could only identify four agents: plague, anthrax, botulism toxin A
>and B-that's all." The specialized equipment they had to work with to 
>identify bio-weapons was not very sophisticated.
>
>Parker has confirmed that his unit found numerous positive samples of 
>biological organisms that couldn't be analyzed and identified on the 
>battlefield. "Many, many more were present" than the four they could 
>identify. Positive samples were collected and shipped in freezer 
>units to Boscombe Down for analysis by the Porton Down CB 
>specialists.
>
>Significantly, in addition to confirming that his unit positively 
>identified the presence of anthrax at Dhahran, Parker also revealed 
>that another team of the 1st Field Laboratory Unit identified the 
>presence of plague at Wadi al Batin.
>
>Angus Parker has tried in vain to get other members of his unit to 
>come forward and speak openly, but they are too scared to do so. 
>"They're not sick and still have their jobs," he explained.
>
>Parker is not alone in revealing the use of biological weapons in the
>Gulf War. US Marine Corps battlefield logs released under the Freedom 
>of Information Act confirm the findings of Porton Down's "Secret 
>Team". On 24 February 1991, the US Army's 513th Military Intelligence 
>Brigade confirmed the use of anthrax at King Khalid Military City.15
>
>However, like events in Britain, important and potentially 
>incriminating records have mysteriously gone "missing". Two US 
>Marines at Camp Pendleton, San Diego, have gone public to say they 
>observed "hundreds of records from the Gulf War being destroyed".16 
>This and numerous other accounts of records being "destroyed" and 
>going "missing" can only lead to charges of a massive "Gulf-Wargate" 
>cover-up.
>
>
>
>US BIOLOGICAL ARMS TO IRAQ
>
>A 1994 Senate Report, entitled "Arming Iraq: The Export of Biological 
>Materials and the Health of Gulf War Veterans", underscores the
>biological threat possessed by the Iraqis. More often referred to as 
>"the Riegle Report", named after its author, Donald J. Riegle, Jr, 
>the Report itemises biological cultures supplied to Iraq by the US. 
>Riegle and his team identified no less than 61 batches of 
>biologically hazardous materials exported to Iraq. "Between the years 
>1985 and 1989, the United States Government approved the sales of 
>quantities of potentially lethal biological agents that could have 
>been cultured and grown in very large quantities in an Iraqi 
>biological warfare program," Riegle stated. These included pathogenic 
>materials, "which means disease-producing items, and toxigenic, 
>meaning poisonous items."17 The Report added that "we were not able 
>to get any records prior to 1985". Riegle then included an extract 
>from a Department of Defense summary report written in 1992:
>
>"By the time of the invasion of Kuwait, Iraq had developed biological 
>weapons. Its advanced and aggressive biological warfare program was 
>the most advanced in the Arab world. The program probably began in 
>the 1970s and concentrated on the development of two agents, 
>botulinum toxin and anthrax bacteria... Delivery means for biological 
>agents ranged from simple aerial bombs and artillery rockets to
>surface-to-surface missiles."
>
>Other biological agents provided by the US to Saddam Hussein's 
>biological warfare program included Histoplasma capsulatum, which can 
>cause symptoms resembling tuberculosis and lead to the enlargement of 
>the liver and spleen as well as anemia and skin disease-symptoms 
>that many veterans now exhibit. Another organism was Brucella 
>melitensis, which, when 'weaponised', causes chronic fatigue, profuse 
>sweating and loss of appetite, joint pains, insomnia and nausea, and 
>can potentially result in major damage to the vital organs. Again, 
>these symptoms reflect the conditions experienced by thousands of 
>Gulf War veterans. In addition to the foregoing, shipments to Iraq 
>also included "E. coli and genetic materials, human and bacterial 
>DNA".18
>
>Furious at the way the Department of Defense has side-stepped these 
>disgraceful issues, Riegle fired off a volley of letters to various 
>officials. One letter identified that the "average cost" of each of 
>the various biological specimens shipped to Iraq was "less than 
>$60.00" and that they were "acquired from a not-for-profit
>organization".19
>
>Stories also circulating of a genetically engineered organism being 
>used in the Gulf War are paralleled by stories from British veterans 
>who also claim the use of a modified mycoplasma organism. These vets 
>include Angus Parker who had earlier said it was "an infectious 
>organism manufactured in the US". Oddly enough, this is one of the 
>enduring aspects of the "Octopus" story involving engineered 
>bio-organisms supplied to Iraq by the Wackenhut Corporation, the 
>giant US private-sector security company whose board of directors 
>reads like a roll call of military and intelligence alumni. It is an 
>allegation supported by US investigative journalist Carol Marshall in 
>her manuscript, "The Last Circle".20
>
>Marshall has spent years investigating the allegations of Michael 
>Riconosciuto-a former CIA scientific whiz-kid. Riconosciuto claimed 
>that while working for the Wackenhut Corporation at its Cabazon 
>Indian Reservation facility he developed advanced and genetically 
>altered biological warfare agents. One such agent, he alleged, was a
>"race-specific" organism, genetically engineered to attack certain 
>races or groups. Unleashed it could kill or render ill all those of a 
>particular ethnic group, leaving others entirely unharmed.
>
>Clearly, the possibility of genetically modified bio-weapons having 
>been used in the Gulf War cannot be entirely ruled out.21
>
>Significantly, in the US Army War College publication entitled "The 
>Revolution in Military Affairs and Conflict Short of War" (dated July 
>25, 1994), authors Steven Metz and James Kievit also discuss this 
>touchy subject. On page 16 they state: "Certain biotechnical 
>weapons-considered by some to violate the biological warfare 
>convention to which the United States is a signatory-also may 
>transgress American values regarding appropriate means." They go on 
>to ask: "Could the government and military of this multi-ethnic 
>republic face charges that it was developing or using a weapon 
>targeting Africans, Jews Koreans, Hispanics, etc.?" The authors then 
>conclude that, "Overcoming these constraints...would require 
>fundamental changes in the United States-an ethical and political 
>revolution may be necessary to make a military revolution." This, the
>authors "hypothesise", could be achieved by remodeling the way 
>Americans think, and also via the effective control of news 
>management using "advanced psychotechnology" and other techniques 
>such a "morphing".
>
>
>
>EXPERIMENTAL VACCINES COVER-UP
>
>If genetically engineered biological weapons are now available, it is 
>certain that there will have been developed the necessary antidotes 
>in the form of vaccines. All of the vets I interviewed for this 
>article spoke of the large number of vaccines with which they were 
>injected. Shaun Rusling received 24 vaccinations over a four-week 
>period. Two of these vaccinations were classified secret, and were 
>"experimental", he believes. Richard Turnbull got a dose of 13 
>inoculations in just 10 minutes. Four of them were unidentified and 
>classified secret. He also believes them to have been experimental.
>
>Ray Bristow was informed in a letter from Brigadier McDermott of the
>MoD that some of his injections were also classified. Later he was 
>informed by the Surgeon General, Admiral Revell, that this was not 
>the case and that Brigadier McDermott's statement was incorrect. How 
>many vaccines were classified secret? The Surgeon General, Vice 
>Admiral Revell, during a "behind closed doors" meeting of 
>Parliament's Defense Committee, was asked, "How many vaccines do we 
>not admit to?" He replied, saying, "I think probably about five or 
>six."22
>
>All previously classified vaccines were declassified on 10 December 
>1996, according to a letter dated 20 January 1997 from the Ministry 
>of Defense. A spokesman at the MoD confirmed this in a telephone call 
>on Friday 30 May 1997, adding that there were only three vaccines 
>that had ever been classified. He told me these were: anthrax, 
>pertussis and plague. This statement is confirmed in a letter to 
>Shaun Rusling, dated 20 January 1997, in which the MoD confided that 
>"the vaccines you were given against potential biological warfare 
>threats were anthrax, pertussis (as an adjuvant) and plague. These 
>are the only vaccinations which have ever been classified." This is a 
>far cry from the testimony of Surgeon General Revell in the
>closed-door hearings of the Defense Committee in which he said there 
>were "five or six" vaccines which were "not admitted to".
>
>I posed this discrepancy to the Ministry of Defense. Surgeon General 
>Revell's testimony before the Defense Committee was "a 
>misunderstanding", the MoD spokesman said. Despite this 
>"misunderstanding", the medical records of Corporal Richard Turnbull 
>clearly state that four vaccines-not three-were classified secret.
>
>Turnbull is not alone in this respect. Ray Bristow's list of shots, 
>including anthrax (batch no. 0190), plague (batch no. 10H03A) and 
>pertussis adjuvant (batch no. B1868a)-to name just those three that 
>were officially classified-also detail two other vaccines labeled 
>"biological". These are still classified secret and their contents 
>remain "unknown". The story is identical for Shaun Rusling, even down 
>to the same batch numbers of the vaccines he received.23
>
>The Surgeon General, Vice Admiral Revell, stated in one letter that, 
>"Unfortunately, medical record-keeping in the Gulf was not as 
>thorough as it should have been..." and, as a consequence, details of
>certain vaccinations are now missing-a position that remains the 
>government's official line.
>
>A number of veterans now believe they have been used as unwitting 
>guinea pigs and are deeply concerned at what precisely may have been 
>pumped into them. Once again, Porton Down's Angus Parker dropped 
>another bombshell. Patiently, he explained that "the MoD has not been 
>totally honest about the vaccines used against us". I couldn't help 
>but catch his use of the word "against" us instead of "on" us. 
>Clearly, he now considers the Ministry of Defense and others in the 
>Whitehall bureaucracy to be bitter enemies-and he is by no means 
>alone in holding that view. A few vets repeatedly warned me that the 
>"Security Services" are paying them close attention. Some have had 
>their phones tapped and others experience peculiar mail delivery 
>problems.
>
>Meanwhile, Parker went on to reveal the chemical structure of one of 
>the apparently 'still not admitted to' vaccines. "There is an 
>experimental vaccine-an AIDS vaccine," he said. This "has been around 
>since approximately 1990." He went on to explain that this vaccine
>contains two components. One component is known as a "cytokine" 
>which, Parker said, is an "immune potentiator". It works like a 
>"chemical messenger sent between different cells in the body". When 
>it detects a foreign organism, "it actually stimulates a response by 
>the human immune system" to fight and hopefully destroy the alien 
>organism present.
>
>Parker's analysis of this component was confirmed by a spokesman for 
>London's Biochemical Society, who added that it was "feasible" that 
>cytokines could be "purified and cloned" and used to fight "against 
>any agent". The spokesman added, moreover, that cytokines were very 
>"hush-hush", were "cutting-edge technology", and "logically" would 
>have been "adopted by the military". They were, she added, 
>"experimental".
>
>According to Parker, the second component consisted of experimental 
>HIV gene envelopes. He went on to explain one of the basic problems 
>with this experimental vaccine. Whereas cytokines readily drop out of 
>the body after awhile, "fragments" of the HIV genes do not. Although 
>there may have been "good operational reasons" for topping up the
>vaccine with HIV genes, Parker acknowledged that no one knows the 
>long-term consequences. "It was experimental," he emphasized, and had 
>been originally developed by Porton Down as an AIDS vaccine.24,25
>
>The question of HIV gene envelopes was put to the Biochemical 
>Society's spokesman, who stated that these envelopes "can be created 
>to be specifically resistant to CBW". The spokesman went on to 
>explain that gene envelopes are effectively the "walls" that surround 
>the nucleus of each cell and are thus the first line of defense 
>against diseases-whether they be naturally acquired or as a result of 
>CB weapons attack. HIV gene envelopes are among the most powerful and 
>resistant known to science, she added.
>
>Professor Beverley of the Edward Jenner Institute for Vaccine 
>Research could think of no theoretical reason why HIV gene envelopes 
>would be used other than to "stimulate a response against HIV". He 
>went on to speculate that had HIV gene envelopes been used in a 
>vaccine, logically this would only have occurred as protection 
>against a possible attack using HIV as a bio-weapon. There was, he 
>felt, no other conceivable reason, but added that had such a vaccine
>been "given to Gulf War soldiers it would have been speculative".
>
>The picture that emerges is confusing. The use of cytokines does have 
>a rational explanation, for cytokines trigger the body's immune 
>system. As such, they could be an ideal general vaccine for use in a 
>CB warfare setting. However, the rationale behind using HIV gene 
>envelopes is less certain and considerably more perplexing. 
>Unfortunately, there is not enough detailed information available in 
>regard to the HIV gene envelopes to reach anything but a speculative 
>conclusion.
>
>Some weeks prior to my interview with Professor Beverley, Angus 
>Parker told me in a throwaway comment, "I don't even want to get into 
>AIDS as a weapon." At that time, nor did I. Professor Beverley's 
>certitude that this is the only conceivable reason why HIV gene 
>envelopes would have been used, leaves a sour taste in my mouth.
>
>However, for clarity's sake, I leave the last word with Angus Parker. 
>Told of Professor Beverley's theory, he remained adamant that there 
>was another reason why HIV gene envelopes had been used. His
>information, he insisted, came directly from the horse's mouth, and I 
>am inclined to accept what he has revealed. At the outbreak of the 
>Gulf War there were not enough stocks of cytokines to go around; 
>thus, a decision was made to top them up with the HIV gene envelopes 
>which, he assured me, act in a very similar fashion to cytokines in 
>that they trigger the body's immune system. Significantly, Professor 
>Beverley confirmed this when he said that "they do indeed trigger and 
>regulate the way the body relates to pathogens".26
>
>Clearly, Parker's revelations-if proved true-are stunning.27 The 
>secret use of an experimental vaccine on British military personnel 
>may be one of the most significant reasons why the Ministry of 
>Defense continues to stonewall vets about the vaccines they received. 
>To admit to involuntary human testing on such a sensitive issue will 
>lead to a public relations disaster of huge proportions. As one ill 
>vet told me, "I was ordered to volunteer" for the shots. He now 
>wishes he hadn't. The second potential reason clearly opens a can of 
>worms about the possible development of HIV as a biological weapon.28
>
>
>
>BUSINESS AS USUAL
>
>But there are other equally powerful reasons to keep the lid on the 
>Gulf War Syndrome story. Pat Eddington, the former CIA analyst, has 
>no doubt that the principal reason for the US Government's 
>stonewalling tactic is to cover up the supply of CB weapons to Iraq 
>prior to the Gulf War. For the US Government to admit to such cynical 
>irresponsibility would result in public outrage, Eddington says.
>
>Eddington also chastises the Senate whose members selfishly refuse to 
>act against the wishes of the Pentagon. Their delinquency of duty has 
>resulted in the side-lining of in excess of 100,000 Gulf War veterans 
>who now exhibit a range of symptoms typical of chemical, and, in some 
>cases, biological attack. In this 'business as usual' scenario, 
>Eddington also reserves some powder and shot for the major media who 
>are largely willing to accept, at face value, the cloying PR handouts 
>from the Department of Defense.
>
>Hopelessly abandoned by one and all, many thousands of vets have now
>died as a result of their chemically inspired battle injuries, adding 
>even more incentive to the Pentagon to continue the cover-up.
>
>But in the final analysis, the reasons surrounding the British and US 
>governments' disgraceful obfuscation are many. Certainly, the prior 
>supply of CB weapons to Iraq is enough to make many government 
>officials quake with the fear of disgrace. It is a similar rationale 
>that continues to eclipse the illegal use of experimental, unlicensed 
>and highly sensitive drugs. Not least, however, is the knowledge that 
>defense against chemical and biological weapons attacks is utterly 
>shambolic. Pat Eddington states that CBW protective suits and gas 
>masks are: "...(a) notoriously defective, and (b) in very short 
>supply-two problems that have yet to be corrected more than six years 
>later." He adds, "That's not something the Pentagon wants to 
>advertise to the likes of Hashemi-Rafsanjani, Kim Jong Il or Colonel 
>Qadhafi."29
>
>Yet few can doubt that the intelligence services of Iran, North Korea 
>or Libya are already aware of the published shortcomings of American 
>and British CBW protective equipment. A more significant fear may be
>the realization inside the Pentagon and the Ministry of Defense that 
>their own troops will be less than willing to wade into a future CB 
>battle zone virtually buck-naked.
>
>Armed only with an uncertain dose of HIV but the certain knowledge 
>that-thanks to the grace of greed and military commercialism-those 
>chemical and biological organisms you are about to inhale and absorb 
>have "made at home" stenciled all over them, would you volunteer for 
>military service?
>
>About the Author: Born in England, David Guyatt is a freelance 
>investigative journalist whose former career as an executive in 
>international banking and finance provided the background that 
>inspired his research into the shady world of international weapons 
>financing, narcotics trafficking and money laundering. He has worked 
>
>with the International Committee of the Red Cross on weapons-related 
>projects; the charity pressure-group World Development Movement on 
>British arms financing; and the leading British TV documentary 
>program, World in Action. David Guyatt's current research interests 
>include military/ intelligence mind-control programs and non-lethal
>weapons systems, as well as the hidden influence of elitist groups
>around the globe.
>
>
>
>Endnotes:
>
>1. The CB attack on Dhahran on 20 January 1991 is confirmed in US 
>   CENTCOM battlefield logs obtained under FOIA. Delivery was via a 
>   Scud missile.
>
>2. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 12 May 1997.
>
>3. Eddington, Pat, Gassed in the Gulf, Insignia Publishing Co., 
>   Washington, DC, USA, 1997 (http://www.InsigniaUSA.com)
>
>4. Eddington convincingly argues&emdash;based on captured Iraqi 
>   documents&emdash;that chemical and bio-warfare agents were used in 
>   non-lethal doses. This explains why coalition troops did not 
>   keelover and die immediately. Iraqi CB doctrine was to use low but 
>   repetitive doses, which they calculated would produce greater
>   long-term damage, Eddington says.
>
>5. US CENTCOM logs confirmed a later Scud attack on Hafar al Batin on 
>   14 February 1991.
>
>6. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 13 May 1997.
>
>7. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 13 May 1997.
>
>8. The Al Jubayl incident is the most comprehensively documented case 
>   of CB attack by the Iraqis.  Records obtained under FOIA indicate 
>   that Scuds were not used.  Delivery of the CB weapon was almost 
>   certainly as a result of aircraft penetration, possibly a 
>   Russian-manufactured Sukhoi SU-22 Fitter fighter-bomber.
>
>9. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 15 May 1997.
>
>10. Parliamentary Q & As in this writer's possession.
>
>11. A total of 55 incidents have been recorded to date by US CENTCOM 
>    logs. CB attacks began on 17 January 1991 and continued 
>    throughout the ground war in all major sectors.
>
>12. See Report by Senator Donald J. Riegle to the US Senate, titled 
>    "Arming Iraq: The Export of Biological Materials and the Health 
>    of Gulf War Veterans", dated 9 February 1994. Bacillus anthracis 
>    cohn and Clostridium botulinum type A cultures were shipped on
>    2 May 1988. In all, Riegle was able to identify no less than 61 
>    biological cultures supplied to Iraq between 1985-89. Some of 
>    these included human gene clones.
>13. Telephone interviews with this writer, dated 13 and 14 May 1997. 
>
>14. I have been given a copy of an MoD written statement regarding 
>    the 1st Field Laboratory Unit which states: "We can confirm that 
>    this unit operated in the Gulf. Its primary task was related to 
>    the detection of biological warfare agents, of which there was a 
>    real and compelling threat. As part of their work they were 
>    monitoring the effectiveness of the biological immunization
>    program."
>
>15. Bernstein, Dennis, "Gulf War Syndrome Covered Up", Covert Action 
>    Quarterly, no. 43, Winter 1992/3.
>
>16. ibid.
>
>17. "Riegle Report", p. 3.
>
>18. op. cit., p. 5.
>
>19. Donald J. Riegle's letter to William Perry, US Defense Secretary, 
>    dated 9 February 1994.
>
>20. Carol Marshall's manuscript, "The Last Circle", running to 140 
>    pages, is a comprehensive investigation into the so-called 
>    "Octopus".
>
>21. Significantly, the International Committee of the Red Cross 
>    (ICRC) is concerned about the development of "genetic weapons" 
>    and fears that "the possibility exists for their misuse for 
>    political ends". The ICRC warns that developments of 
>    gene/race-specific weapons may or could be taking place. See 
>    "Expert Meeting on Certain Weapon Systems and on Implementation 
>    Mechanisms in International War", ICRC, Geneva, Switzerland, July 
>    1994.
>
>22. A copy of this memorandum is in my possession.
>
>23. The only difference is that Rusling received a hepatitis B jab, 
>    whereas Bristow received hepatitis A. In all other respects their 
>    lists of vaccines are identical&emdash;including two that remain 
>    classified.
>
>24. Parker states that he has received confirmation of the use of the 
>    HIV gene vaccine from a well-placed and extremely knowledgeable 
>    source, whom he is unable to identify.
>
>25. I understand Porton Down denies any involvement in HIV research, 
>    but see notes below.
>
>26. I couldn't help but note the use of the plural&emdash; a usage 
>    that seems inconsistent with his otherwise firm statement. It had 
>    taken me two days and numerous phone calls before I was finally 
>    able to make contact with Professor Beverley. I had been given  
>    his number by an individual working in the field of immunology.  
>    Unbeknownst to me at the time, this individual had contacted 
>    Porton Down, revealing the interest and direction of my 
>    questions & emdash; a fact she revealed the following day when I 
>    phoned back with an additional question.  Meanwhile, Angus Parker 
>    was told, via a circuitous route, that the MoD was very 
>    "displeased" with him for talking to me. A paranoid may well
>    consider that two days "in the world of shadows" is a very long 
>    time indeed.
>
>27. They also raise the question of why Britain's top-secret 
>    bio-warfare lab is involved in developing an AIDS vaccine. The 
>    possibility that AIDS has been 'weaponised' & emdash; apparently 
>    a technical possibility & emdash; is an old and largely 
>    discounted story attributed to a Cold War disinformation 
>    campaign.
>
>28. Perhaps a 'red herring'?
>
>29. Correspondence with this writer.
>


========================================================================
Paul Andrew Mitchell                 : Counselor at Law, federal witness
B.A., Political Science, UCLA;  M.S., Public Administration, U.C. Irvine

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