Time: Sun Oct 05 07:22:37 1997
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Date: Sun, 05 Oct 1997 07:11:25 -0700
To: (Recipient list suppressed)
From: Paul Andrew Mitchell [address in tool bar]
Subject: SLS: fifteen commonly held BELIEFS (fwd)

>So letís briefly examine the following fifteen commonly held BELIEFS that
>MOST Americans BELIEVE to be "true for a fact" and separate BELIEF from
>Is that you live in a democracy. After all, doesnít our own president keep
>referring to America as a "democracy" whose job it is to make the whole
>WORLD "safe for democracy"? The FACT is that America is NOT a democracy and
>never HAS been. America is a REPUBLIC. Article 4, Section 4 of the U.S.
>Constitution states: "the United States shall guarantee to every State in
>this Union a REPUBLICAN Form of Government". You pledge allegiance "... to
>the REPUBLIC for which it stands UNDER GOD..." The word "democracy" does
>NOT appear in the Constitution, the constitutions of any of the 50 states,
>or the Declaration of Independence. ALL democracies throughout history have
>died when a majority of the public realized they could vote themselves
>their "FAIR SHARE" of the benefits from the public trough. Samuel Adams,
>Father of the American Revolution, stated: "Democracy never lasts long. It
>soon wastes itself. there never was a democracy yet that did not commit
>suicide". Itís not Americaís job to make the whole WORLD "safe for
>democracy". Democracy isnít SAFE ! Itís Americaís job to defend and protect
>our constitutional God Given/Inspired REPUBLIC.
>Is that the GOVERNMENT grants us our rights, such as our "right" to a good
>education, and that the job of the COURTS is to defend our rights FOR us.
>The FACT is, YOUR rights come from GOD, not from ANY creation of MAN. Itís
>NOT the job of the court, your Congressman or anyone ELSE to assert and
>defend YOUR God-given rights, itís YOUR job. Itís the COURTís job to merely
>see that JUSTICE is EQUALLY served.
>Is that the Federal Reserve System is a government agency. The FACT is that
>the Federal Reserve is a PRIVATE, FOR PROFIT corporation, as confirmed by
>the 9th Circuit Court when it ruled on June 24, 1982 in the case LEWIS vs.
>United States:
>"We conclude that the [Federal] Reserve Banks are NOT federal... but are
>independent, PRIVATELY owned... corporations... without day to day
>direction from the federal government".
>The Federal Reserve in no more FEDERAL than Federal Express. You won't find
>it listed in the phone book under GOVERNMENT AGENCIES. Youíll find it in
>the WHITE pages along with OTHER private businesses. The Federal Reserve
>pays ZERO federal and state income tax, just PROPERTY taxes on its
>buildings, and has NEVER to this day been fully audited by the General
>Accounting Office (GAO). And there are NO reserves, as the Boston Federal
>Reserve Bank admits in its publication "PUTTING IT SIMPLY":
>"When you or I write a check there must be sufficient funds in our account
>to cover that check, but when the Federal Reserve writes a check, it is
>creating money".
>Under fractional reserve banking, the "Fed" creates money out of THIN AIR
>by LENDING it into circulation FULL face value PLUS INTEREST. Since FUTURE
>loans must be issued to CREATE the money to PAY this interest, the federal
>debt can NEVER mathematically be repaid, in spite of all the political
>Is that inflation is a NATURAL and unavoidable phenomenon. The TRUTH is
>that inflation is ENGINEERED as each new paper lent dollar into circulation
>REDUCES the value of all dollars ALREADY in existence. Experience has
>taught the "Fed" that a 5% annual DEVALUATION of the money supply can be
>consistently maintained without alarming the public. To date, this
>insidious tax has gradually ROBBED Americans of over 90% of their
>purchasing power, thereby generating TRILLIONS of dollars in profits to the
>private banking monopoly that RENTS us our money supply.
>Is that our government owes the currently $5.5 TRILLION dollar debt to
>ITSELF. Of course if that were TRUE, the government could simply FORGIVE
>itself its OWN DEBT and START OVER ! the fact is that the government owes
>the debt to the Federal Reserve System. Or, more accurately, to the mostly
>FOREIGN FAMILIES who lobbied certain Congressmen to RAMROD through the
>Federal Reserve Act back in 1913 and to this day comprise Class "A" voting
>STOCKHOLDERS of the Federal Reserve System.
>Is that the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution - the so called "INCOME
>TAX" amendment - AUTHORIZED the income tax. Not according to the SUPREME
>COURT, it didnít ! The high court ruled in 1916 in STANTON vs. BALTIC
>MINING - a case that has NEVER been overturned - that the 16th Amendment
>conferred, and I quote:
>"... no new power of taxation".
>Imagine that ! The highest court in the land ruling that the 16th changed
>absolutely NOTHING ! Why not ? Because the 16th Amendment did NOT REPEAL
>Article 1, Section 2 Clause 3 or Article 1, Section 9, Clause 4 of the
>Constitution, which absolutely FORBID Congress from DIRECTLY taxing a U.S.
>citizen ! So why WAS the 16th written? to create the ILLUSION of a new
>authority to directly tax U.S. citizens, an illusion upon which the IRS
>still relies.
>And so it seems BEYOND obvious to say so - is that the purpose of the
>income tax is to raise revenue to pay for the day-to-day operations of the
>federal government. Not according to the Grace Commission. On January 15,
>1984, this private-sector, blue ribbon committee, impaneled by President
>Ronald Reagan to find ways to cut government spending, stated in their
>final report to the president:
>"... 100% of what is collected is absorbed SOLELY by interest on the
>Federal Debt... all individual income tax revenues are gone BEFORE one
>NICKEL is spent on the service taxpayers expect from government".
>The FACT is that not ONE DOLLAR of personal income tax collected by the IRS
>goes to pay for government services, but actually goes to pay the INTEREST
>on our "DEBT" to the Federal Reserve.
>Then why ARE income taxes collected? Again letís hear the TRUTH directly
>from the source. In a paper titled "Taxes For Revenue Are Obsolete",
>published in the January 1946 issue of AMERICAN AFFAIRS, Beardsley Ruml,
>then Chairman of the powerful New York branch of the Federal Reserve
>System, revealed:
>"... the most important SINGLE purpose to be served by the imposition of
>federal taxes is the maintenance of a dollar which has stable purchasing
>power over the years. "Without the use of federal taxation, all other means
>of stabilization... are unavailing".
>In other words, the TRUE purpose of the income tax is to maintain economic
>CONTROL. By siphoning off excess dollars from circulation, the inflation -
>perhaps even the hyperinflation - that would ordinarily result from issuing
>too much PAPER money can be masked. Now you know the truth BEHIND the
>income tax.
>Is that the Internal Revenue Code is so bewildering in itís complexity that
>itís beyond the comprehension of mere mortals.
>Thatís simply not true. In fact, Iíve given the code to several
>TWELVE-YEAR-OLDS to read and they had NO problem understanding it at ALL !
>Itís written in plain English. To understand the code, you simply start
>with the INDEX. If youíre involved in activities relating to, for example,
>gifts, trusts, estates or the manufacture of alcohol or tobacco products,
>go to those chapters and locate the LIABILITY statutes to see what youíre
>required to file and pay. However, if youíre NOT involved in those
>activities, youíre not the "TAXPAYER" of those taxes and can IGNORE those
>chapters completely. Repeated warnings from the government and the media
>have probably led you to BELIEVE that EVERYONE has a requirement to file
>income tax returns and owes their "FAIR SHARE" of the income tax whether
>they LIKE paying it or not. Otherwise, why would MILLIONS of blank Form
>1040ís be piled up each spring in post offices and libraries across
>America? Why else would the IRS MAIL one to MILLIONS of American homes each
>year? So does EVERYONE owe the income tax? Who DID Congress make liable ?
>Was it YOU ? To see where Congress made the U.S. Citizen working within the
>fifty states liable for the tax on his OWN "INCOME", simply read chapters
>through six of the code which cover the tax on "INCOME" and locate the
>corresponding liability statute. GOOD LUCK, because it doesnít EXIST ! You
>can scan the ENTIRE code by computer on a CD-ROM or on-line on the
>Internet: (http://TeamInfinity.com/~ralph/code/t26.html) and I GUARANTEE
>you wonít find it. THOUSANDS have looked with a fine tooth comb and itís
>just NOT THERE. If you do not BELIEVE me, try it YOURSELF. The ONLY
>liability of the U.S. Citizen is when WITHHOLDING from a FOREIGNER or when
>working OVERSEAS in a FOREIGN country under a current tax treaty with the
>U.S. Now, your tax professional may point to code section 1 which imposes
>the income tax on "individuals", but research the underlying Treasury
>regulations for code section 1 and you will discover that the "individual"
>referred to is one with FOREIGN source income ONLY ! Which is why, as
>outrageous as it may sound, it is absolutely CORRECT to state that, unless
>in receipt of FOREIGN source income, you are not NOW paying the income tax
>nor have you EVER paid one DIME in income tax your entire LIFE ! But how
>could this POSSIBLY be true since youíve always filed Form 1040, most
>likely because you BELIEVE, and this is...
>Is that the IRS intended Form 1040 to be used by ALL working Americans to
>report their income. Not according to the Department of the Treasury which
>supervises the IRS. Treasury Department Decision 2313 issued on March 21,
>1916, states:
>"The responsible heads, agents, or representatives of NONRESIDENT ALIENS...
>shall make a full and complete return of the INCOME there-from on Form
>As further proof, under the 1980 Paperwork Reduction Act, Congress made the
>Office of Management and Budget (OMB) the watchdog required to approve ANY
>government agency form that asks for information from a U.S. citizen.
>According to the OMB and the National Office of the IRS, the REQUIRED form
>for a U.S. Citizen to use to report income is NOT Form 1040, itís Form
>2555, titled "FOREIGN Earned Income". The top of the Form 2225 says "attach
>to front of Form 1040". Form 1040 "U.S. Individual Income Tax Return" is
>merely a SUPPLEMENTAL worksheet to the REQUIRED Form 2555, which states
>"for use by U.S. Citizens...".
>Apparently the IRS DOES know the difference between an "INDIVIDUAL" and a
>"CITIZEN". Sure, youíve been filing and signing Form 1040 all along,
>swearing under penalties of perjury that everything listed on it IS income
>to you REGARDLESS of its source, foreign or otherwise. And since committing
>perjury would be a FELONY, the IRS is correct in PRESUMING that you have
>sworn to tell the TRUTH. Which is why they donít tear up your 1040 and mail
>your check back with a letter explaining your mistake. Now you understand
>the REAL meaning of "VOLUNTARY COMPLIANCE"! So if you havenít been paying
>the INCOME tax, what HAVE you been paying? Youíve been paying the
>EMPLOYMENT tax, otherwise known as the WAGE or SOCIAL SECURITY tax. The
>EMPLOYMENT TAX is found in chapters twenty-one through twenty-five of the
>code, and has NOTHING WHATSOEVER to do with the income tax under the law.
>And who is liable for the EMPLOYMENT TAX? the "EMPLOYEE", a legally defined
>term with in the law. So is EVERYONE who works for someone else
>AUTOMATICALLY an "EMPLOYEE"? No, only working VOLUNTEERS. Those who
>VOLUNTEERED to apply for a Social Security Number. Those who VOLUNTEER to
>use that number to build up credits towards retirement and other federal
>benefits. Those who VOLUNTEER to sign a Form W-4 "Employeeís Withholding
>ALLOWANCE Certificate" and ALLOW taxes to be withheld from their paycheck.
>Which leads us to...
>BELIEF #10:
>That submitting the W-4 is REQUIRED by law. Itís NOT ! The fact IS that
>there is NO law requiring ANY worker to execute a Form W-4. Itís STRICTLY
>ELECTIVE. Of course, it APPEARS mandatory, since most employers wonít hire
>you without one. why not ? Because theyíve NEVER read the ACTUAL LAW, so
>they BELIEVE itís required. The W-4 is a PERMISSION SLIP that allows an
>"EMPLOYER" - another legally defined term - to withhold taxes from an
>No, only one who has signed Form SS-4 "Application For Employer
>Identification Number". As you may have guessed now, THATís not required
>either ! After all, an application is ALWAYS voluntary, isnít it?
>Otherwise, thereíd be no reason to apply! The proper paperwork to STOP tax
>withholding in the workplace is explained in 26 Code of Federal
>Regulations, section 1.1441-5 and in IRS Publication 515, which in speaking
>to the withholding agent states:
>"If an individual gives you a written statement stating that he or she is a
>CITIZEN or RESIDENT of the United States, and you do not know OTHERWISE,
>you do NOT have withhold tax".
>Imagine THAT ! One who hires other does NOT need to be an unpaid bookkeeper
>for the federal government! And a worker doesnít HAVE to give the
>government an interest-free loan. Since everyone asks for your Social
>Security Number, you probably BELIEVE and this is...
>BELIEF #11:
>That you are REQUIRED to obtain a number for yourself and your child. Not
>true and NEVER has been. The fact IS, as the Social Security Administration
>readily admits in its standard form letter to ANYONE who asks:
>"The Social Security Act does NOT require a person to have a Social
>Security number in order to live and work in the United States, nor does it
>require a [number] simply for the sake of having one".
>Title 42 of the United States Code, Section 405(B)(i) states under
>Subsection (II) that Social Security Numbers are assigned:
>"... to and individual who is an APPLICANT for or recipient of benefits".
>Thereís NO law that REQUIRES a U.S. citizen to obtain or use a number, or
>to get one for their child. Shocked? It gets worse. the IRS canít even
>establish a record in their computer systems (by law) for any entity that
>does NOT volunteer to number itself, whether a corporation, a partnership
>or a natural person. Which is why those choose NOT to apply for a Social
>Security are non-taxpayers and are NEVER contacted by the IRS their entire
>BELIEF #12:
>Is that the law REQUIRES EVERYONE to join Social Security and pay Social
>Security taxes, and that NO one could possibly ever QUIT Social Security.
>This is perhaps the BIGGEST deceit of all. Walter E. Williams,
>Distinguished Professor of Economics at George Mason University, wrote:
>"All we have to do now is to inform the public that the payment of social
>security taxes is VOLUNTARY and watch the mass exodus".
>Especially when they fully realize the impact of what Dorcas Hardy, former
>Commissioner of Social Security, wrote in the December 1995 issue of
>Readerís Digest:
>"There is no prospect that todayís younger workers will receive all the
>Social Security and Medicare benefits currently promised them".
>Tens of THOUSANDS of well informed U.S. citizens have ALREADY quit Social
>Security - 100% LEGALLY - by submitting an Affidavit of Revocation and
>Rescission to Secretary of the Treasury, REVOKING their VOLUNTARY
>application for a Social Security Number.
>BELIEF #13:
>Based upon MOST Americansí ingrained fear of audits, is that you MUST
>produce your books and records when summoned to appear before the IRS. Not
>according to the courts. On July 28, 1969, 7th Circuit Court of Appeals
>Judge Cummings stated in the case U.S. v. Dickerson:
>"Only the rare taxpayer would be likely to know that he could REFUSE to
>produce his records to IRS agents...
>"Who would believe the ironic truth that the COOPERATIVE taxpayer fares
>much WORSE than individual who relies upon his constitutional RIGHTS".
>The fact IS that the 4th and 5th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution
>PROTECT your right to privacy in your books and records and your right NOT
>to be compelled to be a witness AGAINST yourself in a criminal action.
>BELIEF #14:
>Is that the IRS has the lawful authority to levy upon the paycheck or bank
>account of a U.S. citizen. Not according to the Internal Code (Title 26)
>Section 6331, titled "Levy and Distraint", paragraph (a) states:
>"Levy may be made upon the accrues salary or wages of any OFFICER,
>EMPLOYEE, or ELECTED OFFICIAL of the United States, [or] the District of
>No mention of the U.S. Citizen, is there? Of course, that wouldnít stop the
>IRS from levying YOU, would it?
>BELIEF #15:
>Our FINAL belief is that, given the horror stories youíve seen and heard,
>if YOU were to decide to take a stand for YOUR rights and were to STOP
>"DOING BUSINESS" with the IRS, youíd be on your own with no support or
>assistance available. Fortunately, this too is false. Out of a profusion of
>so-called "un-tax" and "de-tax" groups that rely upon untested theories,
>unproven arguments and "silver bullets", there has emerged ONE prestigious,
>national organization which serves no other purpose than to actively
>promote the study of the law and to assist its members in the assertion of
>their rights in accordance with the law, ESPECIALLY when dealing with the
>IRS and the state taxing agencies.
>                                  [Image]
>Itís called the Save-A-Patriot Fellowship, and has been in CONTINUOUS
>existence since 1984 at the same physical location - 12 Carroll Street in
>Westminster, Maryland - and has members in all fifty states.
>Our members are aware that various government agencies - and the IRS in
>PARTICULAR - are systematically infringing upon individual rights; that
>this infringement is often a direct result of inadequately trained
>government employees who are more concerned with adhering to administrative
>"POLICY" than to the written law itself; and that such policy often runs
>counter to the constitutional LIMITS that are imposed on the government.
>As the result of YEARS of dedicated legal research, correspondence and even
>legal BATTLES with the IRS, our staff has ALREADY sorted through what would
>take the AVERAGE person a LIFETIME to figure out on his or her own.
>Our association recognizes the necessity of raising revenues through
>taxation but ALSO recognizes that this necessity has provisions in the LAW
>and that the government in meeting its exigencies may NOT extend its
>activities BEYOND the law.
>The Fellowship is therefore NOT a "tax protest" group, but is a First
>Amendment association dedicated to confining IRS and other government
>personnel within the law AS IT IS ACTUALLY WRITTEN.
>When someone joins the Fellowship, it is a foregone conclusion that they
>are particularly concerned with the IRS and its propensity to MISAPPLY the
>law and to illegally enforce its provisions.
>Fellowship members know that the IRS keeps the multitudes in line by using
>the news media to plant stories suggesting that resistance is useless and
>reprisal is swift and painful. These "reminders" and a lifetime of
>Pavlovian conditioning make it difficult for MOST people to take the first
>break-away step. However, since Fellowship members have taken the time to
>EDUCATE themselves and prepare a proper legal defense, the risk has been
>removed! The Fellowship provides mutual aid, support, and assistance to
>those who wish to assert their rights. This is accomplished in a number of
>First, the Fellowship operates much like an insurance company in that
>members pledge to assist other members should they suffer a loss of cash or
>property. In the event that any member is damaged financially by the IRS or
>state taxing agencies as a result of illegal collection practices and
>confiscations, the member is reimbursed up to one-hundred and fifty
>thousand dollars through a uniform assessment of the membership, currently
>costing each member just $15 to $20 dollars per month, a figure which has
>steadily declined over the years as members continue to join. This MEMBER
>ASSISTANCE PROGRAM goes a long way towards removing the fear of asserting
>oneís rights in the face of a frequently oppressive taxing authority. And
>since the member is REIMBURSED and itís the IRS that has spent thousands in
>PURSUING the member, who has REALLY been damaged? With the financial threat
>of asserting oneís Liberty thereby removed, "closet" Patriots are joining
>the Fellowship in droves. Welcome to the Constitutional Revivalist Movement
>Second, the Fellowship provides educational materials and resources in the
>form of newsletters, videos, audio cassettes, and books. Our members-only
>newsletter, "Reasonable Action", has for the past ten years been regarded
>by many as one of the most highly respected tax-oriented publications in
>the nation.
>Third, the Fellowship has researched and developed legal defensive weapons
>to protect our membersí Liberty and Property, and provides assistance via
>our paralegal and case development departments. Should the IRS attempt to
>contact a member, caseworkers are available to handle the correspondence
>and to address any improper requests or allegations. 1f the IRS attempts to
>move forward with an improper lien or illegal collection action, paralegals
>are available to assist.
>Since 1984, the Fellowship has published a flyer titled "Believe It Or
>Not!" which offers a $10,000 cash reward to ANYONE - in or out of
>government who can DISPROVE the statements in the flyer To date, not a
>SINGLE judge, politician, lawyer, C.P.A. or IRS agent has been able to
>collect the reward, and MANY have tried.
>The research this flyer has spurred has produced MANY en-lightened C.P.A.ís
>and tax professionals.
>For many years, by using fear of audit and other scare tactics, the IRS has
>maintained CONSTANT surveillance over MILLIONS of honest Americans. Now,
>itís time now to reach out and inform the public that our investigation of
>the IRS ITSELF is complete. There ARE no more missing puzzle pieces. The
>picture is complete and itís not a pretty one. After viewing it, you may
>NEVER look at your government the same way again.
>Itís time for Americans to take our country back, beginning with our
>pocketbooks. For, without our rights to Property asserted and defended,
>true Liberty in America can never exist.
>If you would like to avail yourself of the opportunity to receive the
>finest "adult education" currently available with regards to our
>constitutional heritage, including a thorough and accurate analysis of the
>LIMITED liability of the U S. citizen for internal taxation, please contact
>the qualified Independent Representative of The Save-A-Patriot Fellowship
>who provided you with this fax-on-demand number and ask about our
>educational, Limited Membership.
>On the other hand, if you or someone you care about needs assistance in
>responding properly to a Notice of Deficiency, lien, levy or seizure or to
>other correspondence received from the Internal Revenue Service or state
>taxing agency; or needs assistance in stopping tax withholding in the
>workplace; or in quitting Social Security; or in filing bankruptcy to stop
>tax collection activity; or with any other tax issue requiring legal
>assistance and defense, be sure to inquire about our FULL Membership.

Paul Andrew Mitchell, Sui Juris      : Counselor at Law, federal witness 01
B.A.: Political Science, UCLA;   M.S.: Public Administration, U.C.Irvine 02
tel:     (520) 320-1514: machine; fax: (520) 320-1256: 24-hour/day-night 03
email:   [address in tool bar]       : using Eudora Pro 3.0.3 on 586 CPU 04
website: http://supremelaw.com       : visit the Supreme Law Library now 05
ship to: c/o 2509 N. Campbell, #1776 : this is free speech,  at its best 06
             Tucson, Arizona state   : state zone,  not the federal zone 07
             Postal Zone 85719/tdc   : USPS delays first class  w/o this 08
_____________________________________: Law is authority in written words 09
As agents of the Most High, we came here to establish justice.  We shall 10
not leave, until our mission is accomplished and justice reigns eternal. 11
======================================================================== 12
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