"The Essence of the Conspiracy that Threatens America"




                    Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S.

                    Private Attorney General, 18 U.S.C. 1964


                      All Rights Reserved



This short essay attempts to summarize briefly the essence

of a criminal conspiracy that has gripped America at least

since the end of the American Civil War in 1865 A.D.


Those of you who have graciously followed and supported

our extensive work on the subject of Citizenship,

already know many of the most salient historical details.


To help those Americans who may not enjoy the benefits

of that historical knowledge, let's pick up a major thread

that happened immediately after General Lee

surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865.


There were several well documented reasons for that Civil War,

one of which was obviously the painful question of slavery.


By the end of that year, the southern States that had attempted

to secede from the Union, voted to approve the Thirteenth Amendment

banning slavery and involuntary servitude.


Those YES votes by southern Legislatures are often overlooked

as a result of what happened the following year -- 1866.


A group of lawmakers called Radical Republicans persuaded

Congress that an Act of that Legislature was required

to give freed black slaves the right to claim any kind of

citizenship.  The Act that Congress enacted is now known

as the 1866 Civil Rights Act.


There were at least two serious problems with that Act,

which legal experts and competent historians have

neglected to notice.


First of all, a careful reading of the U.S. Constitution

reveals that the term "United States" has at least

two different legal meanings in that supreme Law:

one of those refers to the several States i.e. States united,

and the other refers to the Federal government

domiciled in the District of Columbia.


The second serious problem was even more subtle:

just 10 years earlier, in the Dred Scott case the U.S. Supreme

Court had decided that a proper constitutional amendment

was required to outlaw apartheid, because that form of

racial discrimination was permitted by the organic (original)

U.S. Constitution ratified in 1788 A.D.


Neither the Congress nor the Supreme Court have ever had

any authority to amend the U.S. Constitution:  all amendments

must be ratified by honoring the provisions found at Article V.


Congress clearly overlooked that holding when it attempted

to extend a different form of citizenship to freed blacks.

That different form of citizenship has come to be known

as "federal citizenship" which effectively rendered freed blacks

citizens of the federal government.


But, note well here that no Act of Congress, not even the

1866 Civil Rights Act, could have any effects whatsoever

on Clauses in the organic U.S. Constitution which recognized

State Citizens as the primary class of Americans who are

qualified to serve in the House, Senate and White House.


State Citizens are also recognized in the organic Diversity Clause,

in the organic Privileges and Immunities Clause, and also

in the Eleventh Amendment.


This story became much more complicated when the

Radical Republicans also persuaded Congress that a

proper constitutional amendment was required to elevate

federal citizenship to the status of supreme Law in America.


Thus was born the so-called Fourteenth amendment proposal.


It is crucial to understand here that the southern States which

had ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, almost immediately

rejected the Fourteenth amendment proposal.  Their NO votes

made it mathematically impossible to achieve YES votes

by three-fourths of the States united, as required by Article V.


At this point, Congress went mad and ordered the President

to send the Union Army back into those southern States

which had rejected the Fourteenth amendment proposal.


The one southern State that voted FOR that proposal

was spared a second military invasion -- Tennessee!


In other words, those southern States were being punished

with a military re-invasion, and permanent martial law,

for having exercised their voting rights as members of

the Union in good standing.


To put it bluntly, that was extortion, plain and simple!


Those southern States were forced, at the point of bayonet,

to change their NO votes to YES votes in favor of the

Fourteenth amendment proposal.


That extortion was bad enough, but there is another

factor in this sordid history which is also overlooked

by many modern historians and legal experts:


Section 4 of that failed amendment tried to prohibit

all Americans from questioning the validity of Federal

government debts.  On its face, this restriction

clearly and painfully violated the First Amendment,

which the Fourteenth amendment proposal made

no attempt to modify in any manner.


The principle here is that repeals by implication

are never favored.  Therefore, questioning the

validity of the Federal government's debts

is a protected freedom of speech.


The essence of the conspiracy revealed by these

key historical events can be summarized like this:


After the Civil War ended, all Americans were wrongly

roped into an inferior class of people defined as

subjects of the District of Columbia, and prohibited

from questioning the Federal government's debts --

no matter how large those debts might become.


If you suspect that corrupt bankers had something

to do with Section 4 of that failed "amendment",

you would be totally correct in that suspicion.


It's not hard to prove a banker conspiracy:


President Lincoln needed to find a way

to pay Union soldiers at the end of the Civil War.

Bankers offered to loan the necessary funds,

but the interest rates they offered were

usurious and exorbitant.


Lincoln rejected their offers, and instead

authorized printing the famous "Greenback"

currency.  He paid Union soldiers with

these Greenbacks instead of increasing

the Federal debts to private bankers.


There is a lot of evidence that Lincoln's

assassin -- John Wilkes Booth --

was in fact an agent of the Rothschild

banking dynasty.  And, Lincoln was

not the only President to be attacked

or killed by corrupt banking interests.


A lot has happened in America after the

second military invasion of the South

by the Union Army.


What we consider rather revealing is our

studied finding that federal citizenship

remains a key feature of numerous

Federal laws enacted ever since then

by the Congress of the United States.


A very obvious example is the Federal

Privacy Act, which defined "individuals"

to include ONLY federal citizens and

resident aliens.  State Citizens are

conspicuous for their absence from

that statutory definition.


There is a rule of statutory construction

which must be recognized when reading

statutes like the Federal Privacy Act:


an irrefutable inference must be made that

whatever was omitted or excluded from a

Federal statute was INTENDED to be omitted

or excluded by Act of Congress:


In Latin, "inclusio unius est exclusio alterius".


This rule can also be applied to lawful Regulations

which Executive Branch agencies promulgate

to implement corresponding Acts of Congress.


We have now arrived right over the target

(where the flak is always the heaviest):

the Regulation implementing Section 1 of the

Internal Revenue Code is codified at

26 CFR 1.1-1(b).


Strictly construed, as it should be, that Regulation

attempted to create a specific liability for

federal citizens and resident alien individuals

to pay Federal income taxes.  State Citizens

are not mentioned and cannot be made liable

by that implementing Regulation, even if it were



But IT'S NOT constitutional!


More importantly, the U.S. Supreme Court has held,

correctly, that a tax liability cannot be created

solely by means of Regulations published in the

Federal Register, absent the required Act of Congress.

See Commissioner v. Acker here.


Those readers who are familiar with our litigation

and court activism are probably already aware that

we served the former Secretary of the Treasury

with a proper SUBPOENA for all Acts of Congress

that created a specific liability for income taxes

imposed by subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code.


Not only did Paul H. O'Neill fall totally silent,

even after receiving a Courtesy Reminder from us.

He was promptly fired by President George W. Bush

for objecting to Cabinet meetings where they were

planning to attack Iraq BEFORE 9/11/2001.


(Read that last sentence again, and again,

until it sinks in thoroughly.)


That SUBPOENA went to DEFAULT, and also

resulted in activating legal estoppel against

the U.S. Department of the Treasury.


That Executive Department is now barred

from changing their minds on this point:

there is no liability statute for Federal income taxes.


Moreover, Congress is barred by the ex post facto Clause

from enacting a liability statute with retroactive effects.


Therefore, if Congress did enact a liability statute

tomorrow, that would amount to a notorious admission

that there has not been any such Act of Congress

at any time prior to that new liability statute!


It remains to be seen if any of these horrific historical

facts will be admitted by any highly paid "officers"

employed by the Federal Government at any time soon.


There may be a metric tonne of hoopla about

appointing plenty of "conservative" judges

to the Federal benches, during the current



Nevertheless, the essence of the conspiracy summarized

above is such that newly commissioned Federal officers

appear to be so compromised by the pay and benefits,

they cannot bring themselves to admit the truth of

this ongoing conspiracy against the American People.


Yes, the population of federal citizens who inhabit the

several States are, strictly speaking, a legislative democracy;

but State Citizens have always been guaranteed a

Republican Form of Government by the Guarantee Clause,

which was in the organic Constitution and which has never

been amended.


As the New Testament explains, people who have no

love for the truth will end up suffering a strong delusion

that will last a lifetime.


If Americans are seeking refuge from this ongoing conspiracy,

the answers you seek can be found in the same New Testament.


Ask and you shall receive:  there is a Secret Place where you

and your family members can find safe harbor from thieves,

warmakers and criminals.



Sincerely yours,

/s/ Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S.

Private Attorney General, Civil RICO: 18 U.S.C. 1964;

Agent of the United States as Qui Tam Relator (4X),

Federal Civil False Claims Act: 31 U.S.C. 3729 et seq.


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