(formerly a theory that morphed into a fact)"




Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S.

Private Attorney General and

Agent of the United States as Qui Tam Relator


All Rights Reserved



My Fellow Americans:


Permit me to begin this short essay with a lesson from world history

that happened long before all of us were born -- make that "very long"

before all of us were born.


If you have ever spent any time studying world history,

you probably spent some time learning about the famous

Roman Empire.


With a long line of Roman Emperors, it's fair to describe that

Empire as a Dictatorship.


Nevertheless, there was a Roman Senate, where elite

Roman Senators wore white robes and voted on

laws needed to maintain order in the City of Rome.


Here's the rub:  even if the Roman Senate enacted

a law that applied only to the City of Rome,

the Roman Army enforced that law throughout

the entire Roman Empire e.g. Palestine.


The late Howard Freeman described this kind of legislation

as Roman Civil Law.


Fast forward now all the way to the year 1868 A.D.


A massive change in American laws was effectively

forced upon America by a corrupt Congress --

both House and Senate.


The extensive corruptions we are now witnessing

are not a new phenomenon in American history.


Prior to that date, the Congress really had no

citizens of its own.  The only class of Citizens

that existed before then were Citizens of the

several States -- united by and under the

Constitution for the United States of America.


Those were, and still are, the stars on the American flag.


After 1868, Congress commenced to enact laws

intended for a second class of federal citizens

who inhabit the now 50 States of the Union.


The Federal Privacy Act is one such law:

it defines "individual" to include ONLY federal citizens

and resident alien individuals.


State Citizens are not mentioned in that Act.


That Privacy Act is MUNICIPAL law because

federal citizenship is a MUNICIPAL franchise

that is domiciled in the District of Columbia!


Another example of Federal MUNICIPAL law

is the Federal UCC:  it was enacted expressly

by Congress for the District of Columbia i.e.

the District of Columbia Code, NOT the U.S. Code!


Without a proper Constitutional Amendment,

D.C. is not and cannot be a State of the Union

because Congress has exclusive legislative

jurisdiction inside D.C.


The primary means Congress has used to accomplish

this very questionable goal is a strange distortion of

the English language which Congress itself has admitted

to be a special definition of "State".


Instead of honoring the meaning of "State"

as that key word occurs throughout the entire

U.S. Constitution, Congress insisted on

fabricating a "special definition" which

is best described as a "federal state",

NOT a Union State.


Examples of "federal states" are places like

federal territories and possessions which

have not yet joined the Union.


They include places like D.C., Guam, Virgin Islands,

American Samoa and Puerto Rico.


What has made the definition of "federal states"

so very interesting, and revealing, was the

fate of numerous Federal laws which needed

changing when Alaska and Hawaii joined the

Union in the year 1959 A.D.


Every law where Alaska had been defined as a

"federal state" had to be changed that year

because Alaska had become a Union State

and no longer a "federal state".


Every law where Hawaii had been defined as a

"federal state" had to be changed that year too

because Hawaii had also become a Union State

and no longer a "federal state".


Federal laws which apply ONLY to D.C., Guam,

Virgin Islands, American Samoa and Puerto Rico

are formally defined as Federal MUNICIPAL laws.


Those laws do NOT apply inside the now 50 States

of the Union.  They are MUNICIPAL in scope,

not NATIONAL in scope!


However, the habitual use of these special definitions

of 'State' is the primary means by which Congress has

attempted to deceive Americans into believing and

acting AS IF those laws do apply throughout the 50 States.


Unfortunately, this very bad habit is fraud.


One of the legal reasons why this bad habit is fraud

can be confirmed in a decision of the U.S. Supreme Court

in Eisner v. Macomber.  In that decision, please find

what we have termed the "Eisner Prohibition":


"Congress cannot by legislation alter the Constitution,

from which alone it derives its power to legislate

and within whose limitations alone that power can be

lawfully exercised."


There you have it, in a very powerful nutshell:


Federal MUNICIPAL laws cannot legally be made

to appear AS IF they apply throughout the entire USA

without perpetrating and sustaining a MAJOR FRAUD

against the American People.



Further reading:





(find "special definition" in the Internal Revenue Code)


Omnibus Acts are archived here:






Sincerely yours,
/s/ Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S.
Private Attorney General, Civil RICO: 18 U.S.C. 1964;

Agent of the United States as Qui Tam Relator (4X),

Federal Civil False Claims Act: 31 U.S.C. 3729 et seq.

All Rights Reserved ( cf. UCC 1-308 https://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/1/1-308 )